Harp Craft/Keyboards for Christ Music/Award Program

The Harp has been the most popular handcrafted Instruments that the children make in our program. This craft has recieved awards. I hope that you and your church even if you don’t choose to do our program incorporate this craft along with the mini lesson with you children. It is great to use with a Sunday School class. If you would like the Mini lesson for this instrument project just contact Pastor Dan and he will direct you to the page you need to go.shalomtoyou321@aol.com in subject box place Sunday School Harp . Using the harp we teach the children about the Trinity.

 God ordained which musical notes will harmonize with each other. 

Praise Him with the Harp Click to Read Psalm150david playing his harp

.”Praise the Lord with harp: sing unto him with psaltery and an instrument of ten strings Psalm 33

David Playing the Harp” (1670) by Jan de Bray (Dutch painter, 1627-1697)
This is a picture taken from a print. You may purchase this print from ARC International. Used with permission

David’s harp had a significant impact upon the court of King Saul. His music, though undoubtedly entertaining and exhilarating to the senses, possessed a unique and penetrating quality – it touched the innermost being of the listener – it reached into the very spirit of his audience. David’s music possessed healing properties because the Healer (God) was with him. I Samuel 16:23 states that Saul was not only refreshed by David’s harp but was also “made well.”

Prophecy could be instrumental as well as vocal. Saul met a group of prophets who apparently sang and accompanied themselves on instruments (1 Sam. 10:5, 6). David appointed 228 musicians to “prophesy with lyres, harps, and cymbals” (1 Chron. 25:1-7), music which also seems to have had an improvisational character. While listening to the music he was given the prophecy (2 Kings 3:15). The term selah, which occurs 71 times in the Psalms.

Hand Crafting the “Harp” Nylon string or Brass wire string craft. Two ways for you to choose.Click on the harp picture below to see the Nylon string harp and the instructions to craft this harp. I recommend the nylon fishing line harp over the brass wire harp. They both have a unique tone and you may want to craft both of them.

Using the C E G on a keyboard you tune your harp strings to these notes     In the Keyboards for Christ Music Program the Children learn about harmony and chords using the harp that they hand craft. Depending upon time you can make a harp of 3 strings, 6, or 7. Each string can be tuned to the sound of the notes on a piano keyboard. Like the first string C and the next one E and then G and so on. If you are using a Three string project then C E G makes up a C major Chord. Also you can use three types of tunings. For example if you have a group of 9 children have three tune their harps to the C chord, CEG and then 3 tune their harps to the F chord FAC and then finally three tune their harps to the G chord GBD. Then in a lesson during the ensemble time you can acually play a song with the kids. I also like to have if you are using keyboards the children play each note one at a time and the other group of children answer back that note on their harp. Piano plays C kids on harps play the C note back. The harps will go out of tune and this also helps the children to train their ear in the sounds of each note.

Enter the page for the Nylon string harp craftEnter the page for the Nylon string harp craft

Materials Needed for this weeks lesson:

1. Wooden cloths hangers I purchase these at the dollar store usually. Recently at Krogers I purchased 12 for a dollar. Many places have them and even at flea markets and garage sales. People also just donate them to you to use. Remember to take the hook off them.

2. Small eye let’s (Picture below) These work as the tuners for the harps. After the holes are drilled and the wooden Balls are tied you run the line through the hanger and tie it at the Eye hook.

3. I have used both wire and nylon fishing line. I like them both, it is better to experiment for yourself. Wire usually 28 guage that you can get at any hardware store. This wire is used in crafts and can also be purchased in colors. It is around 3.00 for 40 yards or 10.00 for a 5 lb spool. You can also purchase wire via the Internet just type in 28 guage brass wire in your search engine and select the compnay you want to by from.

4. Paint or stickers. You might just want to simply “Stain” the harps in the natural wood. This also looks great.

5. Q-tips to use for painting. Instead of paint brushes I use these. But brushes also work fine.

6. Small washers if you are not using the wooden balls. Wooden balls can be purchased at most craft stores.

Harp Wooden hangers, eye hocks, wire, or nylon fish line, paints, Q-tips for painting. Pre drill the wooden hangers and place the I hocks at the top. You will drill 3 holes at the bottom. The wire strings are pulled through a small washer so the string will hold then the strings are tied around the I hocks at the top. The children should paint the harps first and then the teacher will strings them or the parent for the children to take with them at the following weeks lesson. The teacher should make a harp ( string it during class to show the students before they start painting them.) Get paint that is water/soap clean up, place down papers on a table and let them use the Q- tips for painting. The wire for the harps can be purchased at a craft store along with the paints.

Crafting Directions:

Harp directions

1. If you can pre drill small holes in each side of the wooden cloths hanger. The right side will be where you place the eye hooks ( Tuners) and the other side is where you will tie small washers to the brass wire that you will pull through the hole that you drill.

2. After the child pulls the wire or fish line through the hole and up to the tuner ( eye hook) then you can paint the harps. I remove the HOOK of the hanger and the child can use it to TUNE the harp since the Eye hooks are somewhat hard to turn with your fingers.

3. Q-tips work very well for brushes and the paints you can purchase at any local craft store. This craft the child cannot take it home until the following week if that is your choice. I recommend that all instruments stay ata the program until the final graduation or parents program. This way you can continue to use them in the lesson plans.

As in all the other HANDS ON lessons it is very important that you incorporate Biblical Scripture into the craft. You may use whatever you would like but I recommend about King David and his harp.

In ancient times the harp was played with the hand while walking. It had multiple strings and sometimes a sounding board, as with this harp excavated in the ruins of ancient where Abraham originally lived. Notice this harp has 11 strings with a nicely ornamented sounding board with a ram’s head at the end.

“And Saul’s servants said unto him, Behold now, an evil spirit from God troubleth thee. Let our lord now command thy servants, which are before thee, to seek out a man, who is a cunning player on an harp: and it shall come to pass, when the evil spirit from God is upon thee, that he shall play with his hand, and thou shalt be well.”

1 Samuel 16:15-16

“And David and all the house of Israel played before the LORD on all manner of instruments made of fir wood, even on harps, and on psalteries, and on timbrels, and on cornets, and on cymbals.”

2 Samuel 6:5

“After that thou shalt come to the hill of God, where is the garrison of the Philistines: and it shall come to pass, when thou art come thither to the city, that thou shalt meet a company of prophets coming down from the high place with a psaltery, and a tabret, and a pipe, and a harp, before them; and they shall prophesy: And the Spirit of the LORD will come upon thee, and thou shalt prophesy with them, and shalt be turned into another man.

Lincolns first train ride

Lincoln's Train

Lincoln’s Inaugural Train Journey

The railroad journey of the President–elect on New York Central trains from Springfield, Illinois to Washington D.C. in the winter of 1861 was considered a trip full of potential dangers.

Several Southern States had already withdrawn from the Union, and assassination attempts were a possibility. For these reasons, the train schedule was tightly controlled and the stops made for as short time as possible.

Abraham Lincoln stopped and made a brief statement at the Peekskill train depot at 2 p.m. on Tuesday, February 19, 1861. This dramatic event is fairly well documented.
Towards noon, quite a number came to the village from the country surrounding, and wended their way to the Depot.” Highland Democrat, Peekskill, Feb. 23rd, 1861. Section: Domestic Record, Headline: “Mr. Lincoln at Peekskill.”

Abraham Lincoln was elected President of the United States in November of 1860. He made a grand one week railway tour from his hometown in Springfield, Illinois to his inauguration in Washington D.C., which then took place in March. The trip was scheduled according to a precise timetable agreed upon along the route. The stops would be brief, and these stops would coincide with service requirements of fuel and water for the steam locomotive.

Indianapolis, IN When Lincoln left Springfield to start his inaugural journey on February 11, 1861, he paid an unforgettable tribute to his friends and neighbors known today as the Farewell Address. Lincoln spoke these famous words as he boarded a special Presidential train at the Great Western Railroad station, now a restored Lincoln visitor site. Robert Todd Lincoln would be the only family member to depart with the president-elect.  He stopped, and spoke at several big cities along the way. The inaugural train left Springfield on February 11th. It then stopped at Indianapolis, Ohio the same day. Lincoln arrived at Cincinnati on the 12th, and Columbus, Ohio the 13th.

Columbus, OH February 12-–his birthday–Lincoln has several other events in Indianapolis before resuming the journey. Mary and their two little boys, Willy and Tad, who had not been with them on the first leg to Indianapolis, join him here. Just outside of Indianapolis is Connor Prairie a living history museum that captures the life of 19th century settlers. We’ll stop here for a visit before continuing to Cincinnati where we’ll visit the famous Lincoln Statue, the William Howard Taft National Historic Site, the Harriet Beecher Stowe Memorial, the U.S. Grant birthplace and home, and William Henry Harrison’s tomb. Our last stop today, before Columbus is Zenia, OH the birthplace of the great Indian leader, Tecumseh.

Pittsburgh, PA While in Columbus Lincoln spoke at the State House where we will also visit . Our next stop is the home of James Thurber, American humorist and cartoonist most famous for his contributions to the New Yorker magazine. Just outside of Columbus are historic Indian Mounds and the Cy Young Memorial where we will briefly stop before continuing on to Pittsburgh where we will visit the site of the Monongahela House where Lincoln stayed and delivered a half-hour speech from the Smithfield Street balcony of his second floor room, prematurely reassuring the crowd that concerns for a looming civil war were unfounded: “There is no crisis but an artificial one.”  The train arrived at Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania on February 14th.

Lincoln proceeded to Buffalo

On February 18 several hundred well-wishers and military escort see Lincoln off on the train from Buffalo to Albany at 5:45 in the morning. The train stops in the New York towns of Batavia, Rochester, Clyde, Syracuse, Utica, Little Falls, Fonda, Amsterdam, and Schenectady on its way to Albany. In Albany, not a favorite stop for the Lincolns, the president elect consults with Thurlow Weed, speaks to a joint session of the legislature, dines in the Governor’s mansion, and stays the night at the Delavan House

“Lincoln kept up his activities for most of the evening before retiring to his room for a much needed sleep. Buffalo had “Lincoln Fever” and the fact that the great man was in the city kept the atmosphere lively throughout the night. The following morning, Lincoln and his party left the American Hotel in waiting carriages and drove without incident back to the Exchange Street Station. After arriving at the depot, Mr. Lincoln passed unattended through the files of the escort to the train, which left immediately. As the train pulled away, those in attendance saw Lincoln standing on the rear platform, bowing to the cheers of the crowd.”

Thus ending the visit of Abraham Lincoln to the City of Buffalo. He would return four years later, however, in a completely different set of circumstances and the mood of the city would be nothing like it was in February of 1861. Four years is a long time for a country on the brink of a Civil War.

Lincoln then proceeded to New York on the 16th. The New York State cities of Rochester, Syracuse, and Utica were visited on the 18th. Mr. Lincoln arrived at the Albany State Capitol on the 19th. That same day there were stops along the Hudson River line at Poughkeepsie, Fishkill and Peekskill. The train traveled to New York City the same day.

Washington, DC In Philadelphia Lincoln for first time the evening of February 21 learns of a plot on his life when his train is scheduled to pass through Baltimore. What follows is a cloak and dagger train of events. The famous detective, Allan Pinkerton, has uncovered the plot down the line and is cooperating with Lincoln’s top aides in a plan to smuggle the president-elect through Baltimore alone and safely into Washington, separate from the train and the rest of his party. Lincoln is advised of the plan in Philadelphia and agrees to go along with it, but only after he has fulfilled his commitment to participate in the planned ceremony in historic Independence Hall in Philadelphia the next day (the 22nd) and move on schedule to Harrisburg, the state capital to speak to the legislature and fulfill his commitments there later that same day. That done, he is indeed smuggled back into Philadelphia, accompanied by a body guard and Pinkerton, on through Baltimore, and safely delivered disguised in Washington in the early morning February 23.

Breif Outline of some of the stops. The Last Train Ride also traveled the same basic track.

Illinois (Champaign County), Tolono — Lincoln 1861 Inaugural Train Stop
Abraham Lincoln made his farewell address to the people of Illinois at the Tolono Station February 11, 1861. “I am leaving you on an errand of national importance, attended as you are aware with considerable difficulties. Let us believe as some poet has expressed it ‘behind the cloud the sun is still shining.’ I bid you an affectionate farewell.”
Illinois (Sangamon County), Springfield — Lincoln’s Farewell to Springfield
February 11, 1861 My friends, no one not in my situation can appreciate my feelings of sadness at this parting, to this place, and the kindness of this people, I owe everything. Here I have lived a quarter of a century, and have passed from a young to an old man. Here my children have been born, and one is buried. Now I leave, not knowing when or whether ever I may return; with a task before me greater than that which rested upon Washington. Without the assistance of that divine being who ever .
Illinois (Sangamon County), Springfield — The Lincoln Depot
From this building on February 11, 1861 Abraham Lincoln departed Springfield, Illinois to assume the Presidency of the United States. After bidding farewell to a number of friends, he delivered a brief, spontaneous and moving farewell address to the crowd, estimated at 1,000, from the rear platform of the train.
Illinois (Vermilion County), Danville — Abraham Lincoln
At noon on February 11, 1861, President Abraham Lincoln’s inaugural train stopped at the Great Western Depot located here. It was the day before his 52nd birthday. He had been coming to Vermilion County for twenty years to attend Circuit Court in Danville. He spoke briefly to his friends and supporters, an audience estimated at about one thousand. The final words of his speech were: “If I find I have blessings at my disposal, Old Vermilion will come in for a bountiful .
Indiana (Boone County), Lebanon — Abraham Lincoln
Enroute to Washington, D.C., to become 16th President of the U.S., addressed citizens of Lebanon and Boone County from rear of railroad passenger car at this place on the evening of February 11, 1861.
Indiana (Boone County), Zionsville — Lincoln’s Stop in Zionsville, Indiana
Abraham Lincoln enroute to Washington as President Elect on February 11 1861 addressed the Citizens of Zionsville at the Railroad Depot which stood on this site.
Indiana (Marion County), Indianapolis — Here, Abraham Lincoln Said
Here, Feb 11, 1861, Abraham Lincoln, on his way to Washington to assume the Presidency, in an address said “I appeal to you to constantly bear in mind that not with politicians, not with presidents, not with office-seekers, but with you is the question: Shall the Union and shall the liberties of this country be preserved to the latest generations?”
Indiana (Marion County), Indianapolis — Lincoln to the Citizens of Indiana
“. . . it is your business . . . if the Union of these States, and the liberties of this people, shall be lost. . . . It is your business to rise up and preserve the Union. . . .” From speech by President-elect Abraham Lincoln at intersection of Washington and Missouri Streets, Indianapolis, February 11, 1861
Indiana (Warren County), State Line City — Abraham Lincoln
Abraham Lincoln made his only speech in Warren County, Indiana near this spot Feb. 11, 1861.“Gentlemen of Indiana: I am happy to meet you on this occasion, and enter again the state of my early life, and almost of maturity. I am under many obligations to you for your kind reception, and to Indiana for the aid she rendered our cause which, I think, a just one. Gentlemen, I shall address you at greater length at Indianapolis, but not much greater. Again gentlemen, I thank you for your warm hearted reception.”
New Jersey (Mercer County), Trenton — State House
The State House is the heart of New Jersey’s State government, the second oldest State House in continuous use in the United States. First built in 1792 and expanded in every generation, the State House is a witness to two centuries of American history and a mosaic of architectural styles. President-elect Abraham Lincoln, on his way to take office, addressed the Legislature here. Governor Woodrow Wilson began here the political career that would take him to the White House.
New York (Albany County), Albany — Lincoln in Albany
“I hold myself without mock modesty, the humblest of all individuals that have ever been elevated to the Presidency….You have generously tendered me the united support of the great Empire State.” – Abraham Lincoln speaking to the New York Legislature on February 18, 1861. President-elect Abraham Lincoln was greeted by a large, boisterous crowd on February 18, 1861, as he stopped in Albany on his way to his inauguration in Washington, D.C. In his speech at the old State House.
Ohio (Franklin County), Columbus — The Ohio Statehouse / Lincoln at the Statehouse
In 1812, the Ohio legislature designated Columbus as the state capital, with local landowners contributing land and resources for a capitol building and penitentiary. The first Columbus statehouse, a Federal-style structure completed in 1816, stood on the northeast corner of State and High streets. By the 1830s, the need for a more substantial structure was apparent. Cincinnati architect Thomas Walter won the 1838 capitol design contest, though the final design incorporated several .
Pennsylvania (Dauphin County), Harrisburg — Abraham Lincoln
On February 22, 1861, while journeying to Washington for his Inauguration, Lincoln stopped at the Jones House, on this site. From the portico of the hotel, he addressed a large crowd gathered in Market Square.
Pennsylvania (Dauphin County), Harrisburg — The Jones House
On this site, the southeast corner of Second and Market Streets on Market Square, stood the Jones House, a mid-Nineteenth Century Hotel, which later evolved into the larger Commonwealth Hotel and later, the Dauphin Building. It was here that Abraham Lincoln stopped on February 22, 1861, en-route to his inauguration in Washington DC. The President-Elect greeted and spoke to city residents in the Square and went by carriage to the State Capitol Building to address the Pennsylvania Legislature as
Pennsylvania (Philadelphia County), Philadelphia — Abraham Lincoln
Abraham Lincoln stood here when he raised the flag on Independence Hall February 22nd 1861. This tablet placed by Post 2 Department of Pennsylvania Grand Army of the Republic.

Keyboards for Christ Music Ministry/Award Program

I dont care about a spiritual battle; I am just trying to survive and juggle all of the balls that I have in my life.
We are in a battle for our minds, a battle for our children and families, battle for souls who dont know the Lord, battle against a philosophy that is defined by the values of this world. The evil one is assaulting every part of Gods kingdom. We need to recognize that we are in a battle every day, like it or not. But this battle is a winnable one. Listen to these words from 2 Corinthians 10:3-5.
3For though we walk in the flesh, we do not war after the flesh: 4(For the weapons of our warfare are not carnal, but mighty through God to the pulling down of strong holds;)  5Casting down imaginations, and every high thing that exalteth itself against the knowledge of God, and bringing into captivity every thought to the obedience of Christ;

Spiritual Warfare: What is it?
Spiritual warfare is going on all around us. It exists in the unseen, supernatural dimension, where God is all-powerful and Satan is in revolt. Everyday just pick up the paper or listen to the television.  As any Christian soon discovers, although spiritual warfare is unseen, its absolutely real and a clear and present danger.  Just take a look around you today, it is ever so present in our society, in the world.  Though people including Christians just ack as if it does not exsist and remain in their own little world.  The Bible speaks of spiritual warfare in many places, but most directly  where Paul speaks of putting on the full armor of God. Ephesians 6:12


For we wrestle not against flesh and blood, but against principalities, against powers, against the rulers of the darkness of this world, against spiritual wickedness in high places.

The Keyboards for Christ Music Ministry has introduced a ‘Academy’. The Hero Academy Vacation bible school program was trains children to  see what a real  HERO is. The character, the  laws they follow, respect, and responsibility. Unlike other  Vacation Bible School programs this program is not just filled with all the bells and whistles to make it a week of fun.  The fun is here, but within the walls of your church you can take back what the evil  one is trying to  take…our children. Back to the Basics, not following the themes of the world, simply to hunt for the heart of God.  AND its all free and based around common items that you have around your home. No matter  if you don’t even have a VBS budget this program can be used in your church.
HERO ACADEMY Vacation Bible School 2009             HIKING for LIFE Vacation Bible School 2011
The Hero Academy Vacation Bible School Program

Within our Internet home you will notice words like Difference, Change, Journey. These words will follow you all through your visit. My love for history is no secret to those who know me. History has played a very important part in my career and in the programs that I have authored. As you journey please understand that this is a Christian site and our programs are authored for teaching children using the foundation of God’s Word the Bible. Our resource portholes are for all ages. There are Portholes of Knowledge for you to research facts of history, Hundreds of pages of reference materials on a variety of subjects, and our Award Winning Teaching Programs.  Through crafts, activities and using Music to teach children God’s Word, what makes a Real Hero and How to Praise God on their own level, turning fears into Faith.

Programs making a difference worldwide using music to teach children the Bible
 Vacation Bible School Programs/Sunday School Programs/ Youth Programs/Music Programs/ Bible Study Programs FREE for you to use.

1999-2009 celebrating 10 years of service on the Internet
How this ministry began…the History of the Keyboards for Christ Music Program

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The journey of a thousand miles begins with the first step
First please understand that you must register before you will be directed  to the area for downloads. Look for this navigation button to register. After you register you will be directed back to our home page of this site. You must fill the form out complete or we will not return your request.
Continue your journey here to more articles and research along with our AWARD WINNING programs for Sunday School, Vacation Bible School, crafts and activities for children and youth. The Programs in this site have been Authored and Created by Rev. Daniel L. Wheeler. History Porthole and other articles and materials are done by hundreds of Author’s some are word for word with the permission to do such. Enter our Program area or  Resourse and Research area below. Left you go to our program, right go to our research area.
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Youth launch their own website. This was the pilot program for the youth.  We had 36 kids. Like all programs it takes time, and that is the hardesst thing to ask people to give up. Since the pilot program this youth program no longer is being conducted. It works! IF one simply can give of their time. The web site is a example of the program and the excitment it brings. I thank the people of the Mt. Olivet United Methodist Church for allowing me to begin this program here. The pilot was a great sucess indeed. In todays world young  people are faced more than ever with FEAR…. the family is breaking apart, school, jobs, enviroment, the world in general. The key of the program is allowing God to take away that fear and replace it with FAITH. For a few hours each week to come together, PRAISE GOD on their own level, share their fears with the Lord and throw them away into a fire which represent the awe consuming fire God. Watching the ambers rise heaven bound they experience a new level into the circle of life. Moving them into a spiritual circle.  Singing songs, learning to praise God on their own level,  fellowship and prayer. A unitque program unlike any other youth program. [sample website]  Circle of Life Youth Program

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Keyboards for Christ Music Ministry/Award Program

As in all our research within this site we try to give views that are Biblical sound. Each of us is accountable to God for our choices. You must desern through prayer and the Holy Spirits guidence.It is not in the word..Christmas but in the “heart of it all”…love. This ministry has written a “Christmas” story call Wise men and women still seek him. I invite you to visit the page, it is this sites statement about ‘Christmas”. [ It is found on the programs page]

Over the last two millennia, traditional Christianity has systematically laid aside the “feast days of the Lord” and established its own holidays. Christmas was established to enable pagan converts to come into church fellowship without forsaking their heathen customs and practices. Easter is a replacement for the biblical Passover and Days of Unleavened Bread. Even the weekly Sabbath was abandoned in favor of Sunday, supposedly to commemorate Jesus’ resurrection (which, as we demonstrated earlier, did not take place on Sunday morning).

Although we should immediately recognize that overruling God’s instructions is dangerous behavior, let us consider, from the biblical record, whether such humanly designed inventions and alterations are acceptable worship to our Creator God.As creatures of habit, we can find ourselves following traditions that are contrary to God’s instructions. Almost 2,000 years ago Jesus Christ pointed out that a devoutly religious group, the Pharisees, was in just such a situation. Christ told them, “Well did Isaiah prophesy of you hypocrites, as it is written: ‘This people honors Me with their lips, but their heart is far from Me. And in vain they worship Me, teaching as doctrines the commandments of men.’ For laying aside the commandment of God, you hold the tradition of men … All too well you reject the commandment of God, that you may keep your tradition” (Mark 7:6-9).Just proclaiming that something is Christian does not make it so. No matter what our traditions have been or what rationalizations our reasoning may employ, the Bible is clear that we must follow our Creator’s directions on His days and forms of worship.In Colossians 2:8 the apostle Paul warns, “Beware lest anyone cheat you through philosophy and empty deceit, according to the tradition of men, according to the basic principles of the world, and not according to Christ.”Similarly, one of the last messages in the Bible reveals this warning for people caught up in a great worldwide system that established itself in opposition to God: “Come out of her, my people, lest you share in her sins, and lest you receive of her plagues. For her sins have reached to heaven, and God has remembered her iniquities” (Revelation 18:4-5).We have a choice. We can choose the feast days instituted by God or the holidays substituted by men. The choices we make affect our destiny and impact our relationship with our Creator.

Is Christmas a Sin?

Some Christians believe that Christians should not observe Christmas. Some object to the commercialism of the holiday; others object to its origins. In order to understand this subject, it is helpful to trace some of the history of Christmas avoidance, particularly its roots in Puritanism.The Puritans believed that the first-century church modeled a Christianity that modern Christians should copy. They attempted to base their faith and practice solely on the New Testament, and their position on Christmas reflected their commitment to practice a pure, scriptural form of Christianity. Puritans argued that God reserved to himself the determination of all proper forms of worship, and that he disapproved of any human innovations  even innovations that celebrated the great events of salvation. The name Christmas also alienated many Puritans. Christmas meant “the mass of Christ.” The mass was despised as a Roman Catholic institution that undermined the Protestant concept of Christ, who offered himself once for all. The Puritans’ passionate avoidance of any practice that was associated with papal Rome caused them to overlook the fact that in many countries the name for the day had nothing to do with the Catholic mass, but focused instead on Jesus’ birth. The mass did not evolve into the form abhorred by Protestants until long after Christmas was widely observed. The two customs had separate, though interconnected, histories.As ardent Protestants, Puritans identified the embracing of Christianity by the Roman Emperor Constantine in the early 300s as the starting point of the degeneration and corruption of the church. They believed the corruption of the church was brought on by the interweaving of the church with the pagan Roman state. To Puritans, Christmas was impure because it entered the Roman Church sometime in this period. No one knows the exact year or under what circumstances Roman Christians began to celebrate the birth of their Lord, but by the mid-300s, the practice was well established.No evidence exists that the Christian leaders who began this practice consciously wanted to compromise with paganism. They may simply have wanted to celebrate the birth of Jesus. However, modern scholars generally agree that the date they chose for Christmas was influenced by a pagan celebration on or about that same date honoring the “Invincible Sun.” Consequently, some customs unrelated to the birth of Jesus that commonly characterize modern Christmas celebrations were also present in pre-Christian pagan celebrations. This syncretistic character of most forms of Christmas celebration was enough for Puritans to avoid the holiday as a compromise with the pure exercise of Christian faith.

The New England culture was permeated with Puritan values. As late as 1847, no college in New England had a Christmas holiday. The fact that anti-Christmas sentiment exists among some groups originating in New England should not be surprising. However, there are today no churches that call themselves Puritans. Yet their theological descendants  Presbyterians, Congregationalists and many Baptists  remain. Gone, except among their most conservative offspring, is any concern about Christmas.

The central issue regarding Christmas observance is this: How much freedom do Christians have in the new covenant, either individually or as a church, to express their faith, worship and thanks toward Christ in forms not found in the Bible? Are Christians ever free to innovate in worship? May church leaders establish special days to celebrate the great acts of salvation?

Devout Christians sometimes confuse ancient forms with modern substance. “Once pagan, always pagan” is the way some people reason. They may admit the transforming power of Christ for people, they deny it for customs and traditions. Yet many of the practices God approved for ancient Israel had previously existed in paganism. Temples, priests, harvest festivals, music in worship, circumcision and tithing all had ancient pagan counterparts. God transformed these customs into a form of worship devoted to him. Even the sun, universally worshipped as a god by pagan cultures, God used to symbolize an aspect of the Christ (Malachi 4:2).

Jesus taught, “Stop judging by mere appearances, and make a right judgment” (John 7:24). Too often, Puritan criticism of Christmas was based on outward appearances and a strong anti-Catholic perspective. When Israel added Hanukkah and Purim to its religious calendar  events that celebrated God’s saving acts in Jewish history  these were acceptable to God. So, too, was the addition of the synagogue itself and its traditions. Examples such as these have led many Christians to conclude that the church also has the freedom to add to its calendar festivals that celebrate God’s intervention in human affairs, such as the birth of Jesus and the resurrection of Jesus.Unless we are to conclude that celebrating Christ’s arrival as God in the flesh is a bad thing, its celebration on what was once a pagan holiday is irrelevant. Christians who keep Christmas are not pagans. They do not worship nor regard pagan gods. They honor Jesus Christ as Lord and Savior.It is true that certain customs attached to December 25 are practiced in a pagan spirit by many people. But a truly Christian observance of Christmas does not include drunkenness, fornication, carousing or any other conduct unworthy of saints. No one knows the exact date of Jesus’ birth. But this lack of knowledge does not diminish the value of celebrating his birth, any more than not knowing when Christ will return diminishes the value of celebrating his return. It is not a sin to celebrate the birth of Jesus Christ. After all, his entrance into the world was a cause of great rejoicing and celebration, because it made possible human reconciliation to God. At his birth people who loved God rejoiced in praise, and even the angels sang for joy (Luke 1:46-2:38). Love motivates many Christians to celebrate Christmas. They love their Savior and they love their families. Christmas provides an opportunity for them to express both. To harshly judge those who choose to practice their faith in this spirit of devotion conflicts with many New Testament principles. The fact that non-Christians or even some Christians celebrate Christmas as a secular holiday or in a profane way is not a reason to avoid Christmas  any holiday can be misused. The problem is not the date, but the behavior, we should express love everyday. Some may choose not to celebrate, and we hope that Christians who celebrate Christmas and those who do not are both seeking to honor Jesus Christ (Romans 14:5-6).

 ROME…..the influence of pagan practices?

Pagan Holidays From Saturnalia to Christmas By: Minister Charles A. Johnson III  Deuteronomy 12:29-32

 29.  When he destroys the nations in the land where you will live,

 30.  don’t follow their example in worshiping their gods. Do not ask, `How do these nations worship their gods?’ and then go and worship as they do!

 31.  You must not insult the Lord your God like that! These nations have done horrible things that he hates, all in the name of their religion. They have even roasted their sons and daughters in front of their gods.

 32.  Obey all the commandments I give you. Do not add to or subtract from them.

 Jeremiah 10:1-5 (King James Version) 

1 Hear ye the word which the LORD speaketh unto you, O house of Israel : 2 Thus saith the LORD, Learn not the way of the heathen, and be not dismayed at the signs of heaven; for the heathen are dismayed at them. 3For the customs of the people are vainfor one cutteth a tree out of the forest, the work of the hands of the workman, with the axe. 4 They deck it with silver and with gold; they fasten it with nails and with hammers, that it move not. 5 They are upright as the palm tree, but speak not: they must needs be borne, because they cannot go. Be not afraid of them; for they cannot do evil, neither also is it in them to do good. It should be very clear from reading the above Sacred texts that our Lord God hates the religious customs of the heathen.  The Lord God calls their religious practices abominations on many occasions throughout the Bible.  God hates the religious worship of the heathen so much, that He commanded the children of Israel to purge the promised land of all traces of their religious worship when Israel came to take that land.  The seven nations that the Lord droveout of the land of Canaan before Israel had to have their idolatrous religious systems completely destroyed.  This included the destruction of their altars, the breaking down of their images, the burning of their graven images with fire, and the cutting down of their groves. (Sacred trees)  This record is found in Deuteronomy 7:1-6.

 The point here is that the Lord hates the religious customs of the heathen, and commanded His People not to adopt these practices in worship of the One True God.  The Lord gave His commandments, and these were not to be added to.  These were not to be taken from.  As we all know this will of God is not always obeyed.  Throughout history, this will of God was ignored.

 That willful disobedience is very obvious when we examine Christmas celebration and its history.  From the date selection of December 25, to the decorated trees, Santa Claus, the hanging of wreaths, mistletoe, gift giving, merry making, commercialism, drinking and wild parties (revelry), several of the songs and carols, the Yule log, the decoration lights, the holly, etc., Christmas celebration is the modern day incarnation of ancient sun worship.  None of the above religious superstitions are found anywhere in your Bible.

 This Bible study will prove that Christmas has pagan origins.  This is a fact admitted by everyone who has ever studied the history of the holiday and studied the Bible.  This minister will quote historical sources, sources from the Roman Catholic Church, and most important of all, quote the Bible, to prove that Christmas is a pagan holiday and all Spiritual Christians should abstain from pagan religious celebrations.  They are the sin of idolatry.

 Most Bible students already know that Christmas has pagan roots.  They have read Jeremiah 10:1-5 and have seen a mirror of the Christmas tree condemned as a pagan custom in that text.  They have read in the Old Testament about the pagan worship of the groves, groups of sacred trees planted around an altar, which were decorated to honor the gods they represented.  Many of these know and still celebrate Christmas.

 They do so because it is their opinion that there is nothing wrong with adopting pagan religious celebrations and christianizing them to worship God with.  These believe that if they dont think that an idol is an idol in their own mind, then it is fine to bring that idol into the house, decorate it, sing songs about it, all the while praising God for the birth of Jesus!

 What do we make of such warped logic, people of God?  Well it is the effort of this Bible study to prove that the Church of Jesus Christ is to abstain from all pagan religious celebrations.  The Bible will show you that we are not to christianize customs invented by the heathen to worship devils, and then use these same customs to worship the One True God.  This is what God was trying to communicate to His People in Deut. 12:29-32.

CHRISTMAS IS AN INVENTION OF THE CATHOLICCHURCH

 The first error in Christmas celebration has to do with the word Christmas itself.  According to the Catholic Encyclopedia, the word Christmas is composed of two words, Christ and mass, and it is in fact a word for the holy day which is the celebration of the mass of Christ.  Did you get that?

 The word for Christmas in late Old English is Cristes Maesse, the Mass of Christ, first found in 1038, and Cristes-messe, in 1131.

 (The Catholic Encyclopedia, Christmas, The origin of the word)

 The word Christma itself is an attempt to join the Holy Name of Christ with mass, a false doctrine of the Catholic Church!  Now maybe you can understand why I prefer to write X-mas instead of Christmas.  The holy and the profane must be separated, as the Lord also says.  The Name of Christ should never be attached to a false doctrine.  His Name is holy!

 An honest student of church history will admit that the Catholic Church made many compromises with the pagan religions of Rome.  Christmas was only one of her unholy fusions, combining Bible Truth with Pagan lies and mysteries.  The Scripture teaches that light has no fellowship with darkness.

 The Catholic Church absorbed many of the Roman pagan religious holy days and festivals, such as the Saturnalia, into Christianity in the form of several new holy days for Christians to celebrate.  It is admitted that these holy days (holidays) were not in the Bible.  Nevertheless they were added.

 There was the Roman Saturnalia, celebrated from December 17th to December 23rd, in honor of Saturn, the god of agriculture and sowing.  Then there was December 25th, the birthday of the sun god Mithras (Persian), or Sol Invictus (Roman).  This holy day corresponded to the winter solstice on the Julian calendar.  This feast was known as Natalis Invicti.  Here is a quote from the Catholic Encyclopedia about this December 25th pagan feast.

 Natalis InvictiThe well-known solar feast, however, of Natalis Invicti, celebrated on 25 December, has a strong claim on the responsibility for our December date.

 (The Catholic Encyclopedia, Christmas, The origin of the date)

The pagan religious customs of the Roman Saturnalia are the origin of almost all of the traditional Christmas celebration.  The date itself is taken from the sun gods birthday celebration on December 25.  The Roman Catholic Church made this merger of religions, and out came this Christmas, a mixture of good and evil.  Here are some sources on the historical development of Christmas and its relationship to the Roman Saturnalia.

 In fact, the winter solstice or Brumalia, by now the feast of Mithras and the Unconquered Sun (Sol Invictus), had been associated with the birth of Jesus in 354 AD by Bishop Liberius of Rome.  This move had been made to accommodate the new doctrine the new feast of Christs mass at the winter solstice was exported to Constantinople in 379 AD, and in 506 AD the Law Book of Alarich designated it as a public holiday.  As we have seen, in the time of Constantine, the new faith of Christianity was taken to be similar to that of the Unconquered Sun, whose feast day, together with that of Mithras, was also at the winter solstice.

 The name of Saturnalia died out, but its celebrations, such as decking houses with evergreens, giving presents and feasting, were attached to Christmas.

 (A History of Pagan Europe, The Roman Empire, The Legacy, p. 76)

 The Roman Saturnalia was one of the most popular holiday seasons in the history of the great empire.  The businesses were closed and the schools let out in honor of this occasion.  The legal courts let out and criminal punishments were postponed.  Wars ceased for this season.

 It was a time of merry making, and doing good deeds toward people.  It was a time of gift giving.  It was a time to visit friends.  Reads a lot like the Christmas spirit of today, does it not?  You can now see the true origin of the Christmas spirit.  The Christmas spirit has its origin in paganism!

 Though the Romans celebrated the Saturnalia festival annually for many years, eventually it was absorbed into Christianity as the Catholic holiday of Christmas.  Many of the festivities and customs of the Roman Saturnalia, such as the celebrations, cheerfulness, lighting of the candles and giving of gifts, prove that Christmas is a pagan invention of the Catholic Church.

Chattanooga cho cho/Trains/Award Program

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In 1838, the Western and Atlantic (W & A) line named Chattanooga its northern terminal for trains departing from Atlanta. On December 1, 1849 W & A operated the first train to Chattanooga. Passengers and goods on board the train stopped at Tunnel Hill, were carried over the ridge in wagons, and resumed there train ride on the other side. This first train stopped at a temporary station. In 1850 W & A completed a tunnel through Tunnel Hill. On December 11, 1845 the Tennessee General Assembly chartered the Nashville & Chattanooga Railway (N & C). In 1852 the several railway companies operating in Chattanooga began building the Union Station located at the corner of 9th and Market. The station derived its name because more than one railroad united in its construction.  

Chattanooga’s Union Station ca. 1885
Courtesy Chattanooga Public Library
In 1853, since the Cumberland Mountains obstructed a direct rout to Chattanooga, passengers rode the N & C from Nashville to Bridgeport Alabama, concluding their trip to Chattanooga by riverboat. By 1857 Chattanooga had become a hub of rail travel in the South. The main structure of the Union depot was built in 1858. Pre-Civil War mainline railroad construction provided Chattanooga with rail service, while also contributing to its strategic military significance from 1861  1865.

On several occasions during the war, the shed at Union station served as a makeshift hospital for wounded soldiers from both sides.Economic opportunities in post-war Chattanooga, led John Stanton of Boston to invest $100,000 in 1871 on the construction of the Stanton House, a 100 room L-shaped hotel, in the 1400 block of Market Street. On September 4, 1875 the first trolley in Chattanooga began operation.

The Chattanooga Choo-Choo

In March of 1880, the first train of Cincinnati Southern Railway (CSR) rolled into town, creating the first major link between the North and South. A newspaper columnist nicknamed the train the Chattanooga Choo-Choo, a name that would later go down in history. The Choo-Choo crossed the Tennessee River seven miles north of Chattanooga, and two miles further, at Boyce, connected with five miles of the W & A line to Union Station. Eventually CSR constructed its own line parallel to that of W & A from Boyce to Chattanooga. The Chattanooga Choo-Choo would not become famous for another sixty-one years. In 1881 A brick depot was constructed at Union Station.

 

When Glenn Miller and his orchestra introduced the famous song “Chattanooga Choo- Choo” in 1941, the Tennessee city it referred to had been a railroad center for nearly a century. Mack Gordons lyrics from the Academy Award- nominated song trace the progress of the “Choo-Choo” from New Yorks Pennsylvania Station through Baltimore, the Carolinas, and into Track 29 of Chattanoogas sprawling Terminal Station. Arriving passengers were greeted by the bustle, sounds, smells, and opulence of a grand building that was a tribute to the towns importance as a southeastern transportation hub. Around Terminal Station were miles of crisscrossing tracks, acres of rail yards, and dozens of buildings that housed the industries, restaurants, hotels, shops, offices, and people of a town that evolved as a direct result of the rail industry.

Railroads both influenced and reflected American settlement and development from the 1830s to the 1950s. In the cities, they shaped and stimulated economic growth, planning, and architecture. Today, although railroads have lost much of their economic importance, evidence of their influence remains. Even in towns where trains no longer run, buildings, tracks, train beds, and place names attest to the enduring legacy of Americas rail history.

“Chattanooga Choo Choo” is a big-band/swing song which was featured in the 1941 movie Sun Valley Serenade, which starred amongst others Sonja Henie, Glenn Miller and his Orchestra, The Modernaires, Milton Berle and Joan Davis. It was performed in the film as an extended production number, featuring vocals by Tex Beneke, Paula Kelly, and the Modernaires followed by a production number showcasing Dorothy Dandridge and an acrobatic dance sequence by The Nicholas Brothers. This was the #1 song across the United States on December 7 1941.

Today, one of the original trains has pride of place in Chattanooga’s former Terminal Station. Once owned and operated by the Southern Railway the station was saved from demolition after the withdrawal of passenger rail service in the early 1970s, and it is now part of a 30-acre (12-hectare) resort complex, including the Choo-Choo Holiday Inn and numerous historical railway exhibits. Hotel guests can stay in half of a restored passenger railway car. Dining at the complex includes the Gardens restaurant in the Terminal Station itself, The Station House (which is housed in a former baggage storage) and the “Dinner in the Diner” which is the complex’s fine dining venue, housed in a restored 1940s dining car. The city’s other historic station, Union Station, parts of which predated the Civil War, was demolished in 1973; its site is now a large office building. In addition to the railroad exhibits at “the Choo Choo”, there are further exhibits at Tennessee Valley Railroad Museum, which is in the suburb of East Chattanooga.

The reputation given to the city by the song also lent itself to making Chattanooga the home of the National Model Railroad Association. In addition, the athletic mascot of the University of Tennessee at Chattanooga is a rather menacing-looking anthropomorphized mockingbird named Scrappy, who is dressed as a railroad engineman and is sometimes depicted at the throttle of a steam locomotive.

The Dixie Flyer originally was a named train that did pass through and stop in Chattanooga on its run from Chicago to Miami. That railroad, until 1957 was the Nashville, Chattanooga and St. Louis Railroad (NC&StL). The NC&StL was merged into L&N in 1957. Now it is part of CSX.

The Southern Crescent did not go through Chattanooga, but there were at least three other Southern Railway trains that ran through Chattanooga direct to Washington and on to New York without changing trains. There was a change of locomotives between Bristol, Tennessee, and Lynchburg, Virginia; Norfolk and Western Railway operated the train on tht portion, turning it back over to the Southern at Lynchburg. The named trains on this route were the Pelican, Birmingham Special and Tennessean.

In 1968, the American musical group Harpers Bizarre released a cover version of the song “Chattanooga Choo Choo”, which reached #45 on the U.S. pop chart while spending two weeks at #1 on the Easy Listening chart (which would later be renamed the Adult Contemporary chart).

In the 1970s the tune was used in the UK on an advert for Toffee Crisp candy bars, starting with “Pardon me, boy, is that a Toffee Crisp you chew chew,” and ending with the final punch line “Chew chew Toffee crisp, the big value bar.”    [Top of page]

CHATTANOOGA CHOO CHOO
Glenn Miller
– from “Sun Valley Serenade”
– words by Mack Gordon, music by Harry Warren

Pardon me, boy
Is that the Chattanooga choo choo?
Track twenty-nine
Boy, you can gimme a shine
I can afford
To board a Chattanooga choo choo
I’ve got my fare
And just a trifle to spare

You leave the Pennsylvania Station ’bout a quarter to four
Read a magazine and then you’re in Baltimore
Dinner in the diner
Nothing could be finer
Than to have your ham an’ eggs in Carolina

When you hear the whistle blowin’ eight to the bar
Then you know that Tennessee is not very far
Shovel all the coal in
Gotta keep it rollin’
Woo, woo, Chattanooga there you are

There’s gonna be
A certain party at the station
Satin and lace
I used to call “funny face”
She’s gonna cry
Until I tell her that I’ll never roam
So Chattanooga choo choo
Won’t you choo-choo me home?
Chattanooga choo choo

McCulloups Leap

History Porthall entrance

 History of Wheeling [Settlement] History of Wheeling late 1700’s Worlds largest producer of nails  Wheeling and the Railroad    Triadelphia Wv History History of National Road/ Wheeling today/ The National Road Route 40  passes through Triadelphia and Elm Grove, The Stone house at Roney’s Point, Monument Place, The Stone Bridge and through Wheeling. Crossing the Ohio River in Wheeling over the Suspension Bridge.Stone House    The Monument Place    National Road  Old Pictures of Wheeling   Some important places in Wheeling’s Past that influenced my life 

 History of West Virginia

The building you see in the backround is where Gerrero Music Is located. There is a parking lot to the left of the building. The former Imperial Display was located here and destoyed by fire. As was the original Gerrero Music Store. They both were facing Main  Street. To see a arial view of Wheeling and the distance from the fort to the Leep of Samuel McCullough [Click here]

Fort Henry

  Wheeling, Fort Henry,McCullough’s leap

The Leap

Picture on left is from the 30’s picture below is in the 1880’s

Leep

Wheeling, a village of thirty houses, was, with the exception of Pittsburg, the most important place on the Ohio River. Fort Henry was its citadel. The fort stood on a lofty bluff. It was an oblong square, of oak palisades, inclosing two or three acres of ground. At the corners of the stockade were block-houses. Inside were the magazine and a few solid cabins, quarters for the neighboring settlers who might take refuge there. In the few years since their coming, the founders of Wheeling had made the wilderness to blossom as the rose. Standing on the ramparts of Fort Henry, looking out over the landscape, one might have seen not only the encircling forests, the distant purple of the mountains, and the winding river, but also green pastures, populated with contented cattle, waving fields of yellow grain, leafy orchards, from which peeped the blushing fruit, and solid barns to store the products of the farms.

On the 31st of August, 1777, scouts brought definite information of the approach of five hundred Indians, all armed with the best weapons, and abundantly supplied by the British Government with ammunition. They were commanded by a white man. On receipt of this intelligence, every one repaired to the fort. The cattle were driven into the stockade. Provisions and ammunition were hurriedly carried up the bluff, and lodged in the store-house and magazine. Camp fires were built inside the stockade.

As night came on, the women and children spread improvised beds on the floors of the cabins. But, although they retired, they were wide-awake. The women talked to each other in excited whispers. The crackling of a twig caused shudders of apprehension. Forty times during the night, it was said: “There they are!” The men remained outside to watch. They sat around the camp-fire, gun in hand, saying little, constantly on the alert, and grimly awaiting the attack. There were just sixty men in the fort. But the night passed without any indication of the presence of the foe. The truth was the Indians had come within sight of the fort. They had seen the sparks from the camp-fires, and the light in the block-houses. This showed that the garrison was awake. The night attack was abandoned.

For this disappointment the Indians resolved to compensate themselves. An ambuscade would be about as gratifying as the night attack. They ranged themselves in a double line across the fields. When the sun rose they lay hidden in the weeds. The people at the fort did not suspect the trap. A white man and a negro went out to drive in some horses which had been over looked the night before. They walked into the snare. Six Indians sprang up. The white man was killed. But the negro was purposely allowed to escape, that he might carry word to the fort and induce more men to come out. The scheme succeeded. He reported that there were six Indians down there. Fourteen men under Captain Mason, at once set out to punish the murderers. Sure enough they found six Indians retreating across the field. The pursuers fired. As if by magic the field was instantly blackened with Indians starting up from their concealment. Retreat was cut off. The white men fell on the encircling lines with the fury of despair. They hacked, clubbed, cut, gashed, and beat their way through. We said “they.” Who? The fifteen? No, the four! Eleven never got through. Mason and three men started to run for the fort. William Shepherd’s foot caught in a grape vine. He fell. Before he could rise, a tomahawk clove asunder his skull. Another was shot as he ran. Mason snatched his gun. He, himself, was wounded twice, but he pressed on in the race for life. He felt the warm breath of his pursuer. He stopped short, tripped up the savage, and shot him. He could proceed no farther. He crawled into a hollow log, and lay there till the pursuers ceased to be such.

The discharge of guns and the yells of the Indians had been the only information at the fort of the ambuscade. As has been said, it was a little after sunrise. A dense fog from the river made it impossible to see an object ten feet off. The defenders of the fort saw nothing. Captain Ogle took twelve men and went to the rescue. He was a little in the rear of his party. Suddenly a ring of Indians was discovered to have completely surrounded the party in the fog. Ogle alone was left outside that circle. The scene that followed was the worst sort of butchery. In two minutes all but two of Ogle’s men were killed. Ogle hid himself in a fence corner. An Indian came, and sat just above him on the fence. He was wounded and in pain. He did not notice the white man. When the wounded Indian left, Ogle made his way to the fort. They were making a list of the dead. Twenty-seven of the best men had left the fort. Only four had returned alive, and they were wounded.

There was no time to grieve. The whole force of Indians was starting up the hill, flourishing the bloody scalps of the slain, for an assault on the fort. These scalps were valuable. Colonel Hamilton, the British commandant at Detroit, who had fitted out this terrible war-party, paid thirty dollars for every settler’s scalp. Twenty-three scalps were worth six hundred and ninety dollars. Hamilton is known to history as the “hair buyer.” There were thirty-three men and about a hundred women and children left in the fort. Every heart was heavy with grief from the terrible disasters of the morning. The Indians called for a surrender. But the weakened garrison replied that death alone could conquer them.

The Indians began the attack. At first, they fought at long range, firing into the walls of the palisade, and doing no execution. The defenders of the fort reserved their fire. At last, the Indians started in a dead run for the gates of the palisade, to tear them down and force an entrance. They were met by a deadly fire at point-blank range. The charging column wavered. To hesitate in a charge is to retreat. The Indians retreated.

It was an hour before this maneuver was repeated. This time the danger to the fort was great. Its defenders were splendid marksmen. Many a noble form was stretched lifeless in the grass as the Indians swarmed up the slope. But the numbers of the foe were so great that it seemed almost impossible to beat them back. Instead of retreating at the first fire, the survivors continued to advance.

The women of the fort were busy. Some moulded bullets. Others loaded guns, and handed them to the men, who could, as a consequence, fire three times where they could only have done so once. The garrison seemed to multiply itself. Some of the women stood at port-holes, loading and firing with all the skill and precision of the men. The battle is said to have lasted twenty-three hours. During the lulls in the conflict, the women would carry bread and meat to the smoke-blackened men at the port-holes. It seemed as if the strength of the Indians would never be weakened. It seemed as if their persistence would never be wearied out. During all that time, not an eye was closed in slumber, not a hand removed from a rifle.

There were many incidents of personal heroism during the siege. As there was another siege of Fort Henry in 1782, there has been great dispute as to which siege the respective incidents belong. The best authorities differ. But for our purpose, this doubt is unimportant. The place, persons, and circumstances were the same at both sieges. The defenses were equally heroic. This is not a critical history. It is a popular recountal. We will take advantage of the doubt as to time. We will range ourselves with those authorities which hold that Elizabeth Zane’s gunpowder exploit and Sam. McCullough’s leap for life occurred in the siege of 1777. It would be interesting to relate this historical dispute. Both sides rest their argument on the sworn testimony of eye-witnesses. Either account, taken by itself and judged by the canons of historical criticism, would appear unimpeachable. Yet they are absolutely contradictory. They differ not only as to time, but as to the actors themselves., and as to the transaction itself.

One woman, who was an eye-witness, swears that she saw the gunpowder exploit performed by Mollie Clark, in 1782, that she herself handed out the gunpowder, that the supply had run short, not at the fort, but at Colonel Zane’s cabin outside the stockade, and that Elizabeth Zane was not present at the siege at all. On the other hand, the first published accounts of the affair were prepared by scrupulously careful writers who obtained their whole information from the people of Wheeling, who were participants in the siege. They say the exploit was performed at the first siege, and relate it as we give it herein. This dispute shows how apt eye-witnesses are, after a shorter or longer lapse of time, to exaggerate, to pervert it, to wholly change the facts, no matter how honest their intentions. It illustrates the slenderness of so much of what is called historical evidence. It warns us to be cautious as to how we receive accounts of marvelous and unusual occurrences, and explains in a very practical way the growth of legends and historical myths.

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During the afternoon of the first day, the supply of gunpowder was perceived to be dangerously small. Colonel Zane, the founder of Wheeling, remembered that in his cabin, sixty yards from the fort, was a full keg of powder. He called the men about him, told them the facts, and asked for volunteers to procure the keg of powder. Several brave fellows offered, but at this point, Elizabeth Zane, a handsome and vivacious girl, stepped forward.

She was a younger sister of the colonel, and had just come from Philadelphia, where she had been educated in the best school for young ladies in the city. Though wholly unfamiliar with border warfare, she had thrown herself into the work of casting bullets, making cartridges, and loading rifles, with the greatest zeal and courage. Now she bounded forward and imperiously announced, “No one shall go but myself!” The men turned quickly as her clear voice rang out in the air. Her flashing eyes and mounting color added emphasis to the bold declaration. At first, her offer was peremptorily refused, but the high-spirited girl was not to be denied. She argued that the enfeebled garrison could better spare her than any of the men.

In a moment she opened the heavy gate, and flew towards the cabin. The Indians saw her and watched her movements. When she came out of the building, and, with the keg of powder in her arms, sped with the fleetness of a fawn toward the fort, they sent a heavy volley of bullets after her, but not a ball touched the person of the daring girl. The gates were opened. She entered safely with her prize. A loud cheer welcomed her, and every man, inspired by her heroism, and thrilled with her loveliness, resolved to repulse the foe or die in the effort. The young heroine lived to a ripe age, becoming the founder of Zanesville, Ohio, it is said. “The story of Elizabeth Zane,” says Lossing, “ought to be perpetuated in marble and preserved in the Valhalla of our Revolutionary heroes.”

During the night the savages kept up their assaults with unwearied vigor. About midnight they began to fire the houses of Wheeling, one after another. Meanwhile, relief was coming from two directions. How news flies so rapidly in a wilderness where there are neither telegraphs, railroads, mails, stagecoaches, couriers, nor travelers, is a mystery impossible to explain. However it may be, Major Sam. McCullough, at the head of forty mounted men, was on his way from the Short Creek settlement, and Colonel Swearinger, with fourteen men, was coming down the river in a boat from Halliday’s fort. About four o’clock in the morning McCullough’s men dashed through the burning village and up to the fort. McCullough himself reined in, refusing to go in till all of his men had entered. The Indians made a rush to intercept the relief party, but were too late for any one except McCullough. He was left outside as the gates closed. They could have killed him, but desired to take him alive and save him for torture, to avenge themselves for the many injuries he had inflicted on them. McCullough, the hero of many a close encounter, put spurs to his horse and dashed along the hillside, toward Van Meter’s block-house, several miles away. He had reached the top of Wheeling Hill, fairly distancing his pursuers, when a body of Indians appeared just ahead of him, moving rapidly to surround him.

A glance taught him the peril of the situation. On one side was a steep precipice; on the others were his foes. He hesitated not an instant, but curved his horse abruptly toward the precipice, and, with a leap disappeared from the view of his astounded pursuers. The hill was very high and exceedingly abrupt in its declivity. The Indians ran to the brink, expecting to see his mangled corpse on the rocks below. Instead of this, they saw him firmly seated in his saddle, galloping rapidly around a point of rocks safe from their pursuit.

Swearinger’s party, coming down the dark and foggy river, now running ashore, now far out in mid-stream, out of sight of land, half rowing, half drifting, were apprehensive lest they should pass Wheeling in the pitchy darkness. Their fears were groundless. Long before they reached the place, a red and angry glare lit up the canopy of clouds which overhung the unfortunate settlement.

It was dawn before they reached their destination. Half-stifled by the smoke from the ruined cabins, they crawled up to the fort and entered. Not an Indian was visible. A furious attack had been repulsed and was followed by an unusual stillness. Two bold scouts went out to reconnoiter. They returned without discovering the whereabouts of the foe. Then Colonel Zane took twenty men and explored the field and forest where the savages had so lately encamped. They were gone. Discouraged by the re-enforcement of Colonel McCullough’s men, they had abandoned the siege, after burning the village and killing three hundred cattle.

A day passed. No signs of Indians were visible. The settlers ventured out of the fort to the desolate site of their frontier homes. Many a family had lost not only their home, but the strong right arm of the husband and father, which could have replaced the home. Place and prospect were to them but a vista on dreariness. With many a stifled sigh the survivors took up again the burden of life. In a day or two Captain Foreman arrived with more re-enforcements from Hampshire. For several weeks the people at Wheeling kept their guard. That the Indians had returned to their towns in the west seemed possible.

On September 26th a cloud of smoke seemed to be rising from the region of Tomlinson’s place, twelve miles below Wheeling. To ascertain the facts and lend assistance if necessary, Foreman took a strong party and started in the direction of the smoke. Grave Creek, as the place was called, was found all safe. The men remained over night and commenced their return trip.

Foreman, a thick-headed fellow, inexperienced in Indian fighting, indulged in fatal recklessness. In his company was a weather-beaten scout, named Lynn. His crafty eye took in the danger of this proceeding, and after a caution to Foreman, he and two or three of his fellows withdrew to a dark spot in the forest for their night’s repose. About two o’clock in the morning, a faint plashing could be heard by a practiced ear. It came from the other side of the river. It was too regular and rythmical to be occasioned by the dash of the current on a hidden rock, or the sportive leapings of the fish from the dark depths. Lynn awoke. He listened. He made his way over to Foreman, roused him, and told him that he believed that Indians had seen their camp-fire, and were embarking from the opposite shore of the river on rafts, for an attack. Foreman repulsed him rudely, and turning over went to sleep. A shade fell on the honest face of the scout. He withdrew again into the forest. But he remained wide awake. He stood behind a tree, his finger on the trigger of his musket. He watched.

But the enemy, if present, gave no indications of it. With the morning came the order for marching. There were two routs. One along the river bottom, the other along a ridge of hills. Lynn urged the latter, as being safer from ambuscade, and a different way from the one by which they came. Whom the gods wish to destroy, they first make mad. Foreman was mad. He scoffed at the rusty-looking scout. The fatal command was given to take the lower route.

Lynn and a half dozen companions left the company to return by the ridge. It was well. As Foreman’s party proceeded the men discovered some Indian trinkets on the ground. A man in advance picked them up. Such a find is unusual. The backwoodsman is, after all, a man. He has curiosity. But his life is barren. Of the splendors of a great city, with its magnificent store windows, filled with dazzling and brilliant displays, he has no conception. A few beads are to him an object of wonder. To find them in the woods is a miracle. The men crowded eagerly around the finder of the treasure. The big, rough fellows, brave as lions, behaved like children. They jostled and crowded each other to get a better sight of the toy. They were intently absorbed. Every eye was on the treasure. Had one of them looked around he would have seen that they were surrounded by Indians.

There was a fearful explosion. The unseen circle of enemies had fired. Twenty-one white men fell dead on the spot. The rest would have fallen at the second fire. But suddenly there were heard terrific yells from the top of the hill. The Indians turned to listen. It seemed as if a whole army was coming. The Indians broke and ran; the faster the better. In a moment they were gone. The yells did not come from an army. They came from Lynn and his companions. The remainder of Foreman’s party was saved. He, himself, had paid the penalty for his obstinacy. But it was small recompense for the poor fellows lying cold in death.

Trains….for logging and Coal

The largest tree logged in the State of West Virginia, near Lead Mine, Tucker County, 1913. This white oak, as large as any California Sequoia, was probably well over 1,000 years old. It measured 13 feet in diameter 16 feet from the base, and 10 feet in diameter 31 feet from the base. Logging was a resource that was sought out by the railroads.

The success of the geared engine for mountain logging was phenomenal. Lima Locomotive Works and its successors of Lima, Ohio (which produced the Shay between the years 1880 and 1945) made 2,761 Shays. Of this number, over 200 were used in West Virginia logging. The geared design opened a new era in logging. For the first time it was possible to operate a locomotive on track that was no better than that formerly required by animal-powered tramways.

The Shay Engines at Cass State Park, Cass West Virginia

The history of the logging railroad in West Virginia  is interesting. It was originally constructed in 1902 by the West Virginia Spruce Lumber Company to remove timber from the Shaver’s Fork region of Monongahela National Forest. In 1910, it was sold to the West Virginia Pulp and Paper Company, who in turn sold it to with large amount of money for Mower Lumber Company in 1942. Faced with dwindling timber supplies, the operation folded in 1960. It was left to an impassioned plea by Mrs. Russel Baum of Sunbury, Pennsylvania to convince the West Virginia Legislature to purchase the remaining tracks and three remaining engines as a tourist attraction. In 1961, the Legislature appropriated $150,000 to make the purchase. Since that time, the line has been extended from 7 to 22 miles.

Cass, West Virginia, formerly a company-town built by the West Virginia Spruce Lumber Company, is now a state park and home for the Cass Scenic Railroad which operates vintage equipment for rail-fan excursions in the Cheat Mountain area. In this photograph, double-headed Shay locomotives No. 2 and No. 4 reenact an empty log train departing Cass for the cutting fields where harvested timber would be loaded for delivery back to the sawmill. Named for their inventor, Midwestern lumberman Ephriam Shay, Shay locomotives feature a geared drive train (patented in 1882) from the steam cylinders to the wheels. Shays are slow but very powerful and flexible, capable of negotiating rough, curvy and hilly track that would stop a conventional steam engine. Shays were built from the late 1800s up through WW-II. I love to visit Cass State Park in the Fall when the leaves are changing here in West Virginia. They have rides up the mountain. If you would like to read more about our Cass State Park click here. [Eternal Link]

A big tree here in WV in the 1800’s

Two lumber jacks logging a big tree here in West Virginia 1800's

For the most part, the history of the Mountain State has been determined by its geographic barriers and the attempts of its citizens to overcome them. Early settlements occurred on the navigable rivers and near natural breaks in the mountains. Travel by road remained slow and difficult even into the 20th century. Much of West Virginia’s interior remained remote until the advent of the interstate highway system of the 1970s and 80s. For industry to prosper, railroads had to be built.

The B&O is the oldest railroad in the U.S., and more than 210 of its 379 miles lie in West Virginia. Constructed by Baltimore and the state of Maryland as a link to the agricultural Midwest, to commerce offered by the Ohio River and to increase the citys competitive edge, the Baltimore and Ohio was completed to Wheeling on Christmas Eve, 1852. In what is now West Virginia, the line passed through Harpers Ferry and Grafton, which became a major division point that also served the Northwestern Virginia Railroad, later connecting with Parkersburg. Martinsburg also became a first-class railway town, possessing an engine house and machine shops.

Several of the major battles, skirmishes and troop movements during the Civil War in what is now West Virginia were due to the struggle to control the regions railroads. For the most part, however, major damage was averted. The period after the war can truly be called West Virginias railroad era.

Shay logging train in West Virginia Cass Almost heaven West Virginia

Locked deep within the heavily forested mountains that also offer a wealth of lumber, are the rich deposits of coal, natural gas and oil that characterize so much of the state. These reserves were largely inaccessible until the coming of the rails. Following a depression in the 1870s and the beginning of the industrialization of the United States, railroad lines were constructed, which had as their main goal the recovery of West Virginias natural resources.

The construction challenges were daunting to say the least. The Chesapeake and Ohio Line, which connected Richmond, Virginia, and Huntington, faced enormous barriers. Tunnels were blasted and drilled through the mountains giving birth not only to a rail line, but to legends as well. One such legend concerns the Big Bend Tunnels near Hinton and John Henry, the “Steel Drivin Man” made popular by ballads. In fact, a statue near the site of that epic contest has commemorated the story of John Henrys competition with a steam drill.

One of the first trunk lines built in West Virginia after the Civil War, the Chesapeake and Ohio Railway C&O train history was begun in 1868 and the rails were connected at Hawks Nest on January 29, 1873. Following the pathways of Native Americans and stagecoach routes, the C&O line entered the state east of White Sulphur Springs in Greenbrier County and traveled through the canyon of the New River, followed the Kanawha River for several miles and then cut across to Huntington and the Ohio River. Collis P. Huntington was responsible for extending the line on to Louisville, New Orleans and points west, thus further opening trade to the South, the West and broadening the city of Huntingtons prominence.

The completion of the line in 1873 opened the southern half of West Virginia, most notably the Kanawha River Valley, to industrialization. The railroad also made possible the intensive mining operations that fueled the states economy for 80 years and continue to do so today.The Norfolk and Western Railroads Ohio Extension was completed in 1892 and built expressly for the purpose of opening up the rich Pocahontas coal field in southwestern West Virginia. This rich coal seam produced a fuel highly prized by Americas industries. Many of the southern counties of our state owe their development to this mining activity, which would not have been possible were it not for the construction of rail links.Many of West Virginias most renowned and colorful historical figures are associated with the rail industry. Collis P. Huntington, H. H. Rogers, Henry Gassaway Davis and Stephen Benton Elkins all built and expanded the railroad system and brought prosperity and development to the states citizenry.

Casual visitors, as well as serious students and rail buffs, can enjoy the ongoing interpretation of West Virginias rich railroad history. And railroad tourism is giving new life to our states ribbon of rails.

Keyboards for Christ Music Ministry/The Dove Award Program

More about our programs and some important information that Christians should know about

Used in 13 countries, 25 states in the United States by most denominations. Used by the Western Division of the Salvation Army and currently being taken by missionaries around the world. I have spend thousands of hours in the creation of the Christian education programs for you to use. And simply they are all FREE. No cost, no obligation, even allowing you to use the programs to create your own for your own needs, after you register with us.
Again, let me ask you Please….if you find a mistake somewhere, spelling or otherwise would you please contact me. I know that There are hundreds and hundreds of pages within this site containing typed articles and resources, to which spelling might be incorrect.  Once these hands could master the keyboard of a organ in concert, but the keyboard on a computer due to arthritis makes the typing sometimes so very hard, and there are spelling mistakes made, a extra letter, or letter placed in the wrong place within a word. HELP ME PLEASE if you find such…. Send the mistake to: shalomtoyou321@aol.com Thank you so very much and God Bless you! I give God all the glory, honor, and praise for allowing me to be His instrument in the creation of the following programs.

     Back to the introduction page  Registration form for our programs

Worldwide difference…one child at a time

snip·petsnĭp’ĭt) a bit  –  Just a bit about the programs

Will you help make the difference?

Freely given……to make a difference in the lives of children. Program materials as a entire program or designed for you to use parts of all the programs to create your own unique program. The VBS, Sunday School, Music Programs, Hero Academy all can be interlinked in building your own VBS or Sunday School Program.

The Keyboards for Christ Programs Music, Circle of Life youth Program and Bible School, feature lesson materials that are clear to understand and are illustrated for easy instruction for both the teacher and the children. Depending upon your budget the program is designed around common simple items to do the crafts so that churches and teachers around the world may teach the program. Below is just a visual example[small not the actual sizes] of some of the lesson materials. All the programs center around the Bible and teaches scripture.  Teaching family values, the laws of God [ 10 Commandments] are centered in all the programs.

This is a short ‘snippet’ we suggest that you go through our orientation [13 pages] if you are interested in the program. The orientation will show you just how the entire program was written and how the materials are used and taught. This  web site contains hundreds of pages for the teacher’s reference. The program can be adapted to fit the needs of the church or the community where it will be taught.

Orientation [ Page 1][Page 2][Page 3][Page 4][Page 5]  [Page 6] [Page 7] [Page 8][ Page 9] [Page 10] [Page 11]  [ Page 12]  [Page13] You may go to the orientation from the home page, this page, or many other pages within our site. I highly recommend that you go through this orientation for it is just like a student attending a new school for the first time. You will better understand our programs.

Sound Touch Sight the STS method uses sensory communication to teach music and the Bible developed by author Dan WheelerAll my teaching program’s  uses a Teaching method created by Dan Wheeler called STS. You can read more about it by clicking here or in many parts of our site.  The heart of the program is to teach children about God using music. The exercises deal with music as the children learn about Bible principles, the 10 Commandments, Faith, Love, Hope, Prayer, Communion, Baptism, Sin, Salvation and may other scriptures. The 12 week program is very intense in both music and scriptures.
A outline of the program.

Music Program: This is a 12 week program where the children ages 6-12 handcraft their own working biblical musical instruments. During the 12 week the children work with the 10-12 instruments they craft as they learn the word of God. Learning the elements of music including melody,harmony, rhythm the children also learn unity by playing in a ensemble setting. Ear training is also part of the program.

Vacation Bible School: This is a 5 day program centered around the Quality, values, tools of a Hero. The kids handcraft a Hero Tool Box, a shield, and learn about what makes a real hero. Using their hands in making a ‘mud’ brick to visits from real community hero’s.

Circle of Life Youth Program/Christian Drum Circle: This is a ongoing weekly program. The youth handcraft their own drum and gather around a campfire each week. Learning to conquer fear by replacing it with faith the youth express their ‘fears’ on paper and throw them into the fire.  The youth learn to praise God on their level. Activities learning God’s Word including the M&M bible hunt, The Word is RIght Bible theme program, The Tri Races all are part of this exciting new youth program. The youth have their own web site which you can go to from our program porthole.


http://pub31.bravenet.com/hosting/wysiwyg.php?cwd=/web/keyboardsforchrist.com&name=March11.html&action=content# Sample of the instruments the children craft

The Lesson Plans

About the Author Mr. Daniel Wheeler Keyboard Artist

“No matter how much one loves, it must be with all the heart.  Danny Wheeler loves with all his heart…it is music and playing the organ he loves.  And it has been my pleasure to share Danny’s musical abilities.  In my opinion, Danny Wheeler well become a “performer’s performer” in the years ahead…one who will receive the acclaim and following of all of his devoted friends, and he has many”  From Dan Wheeler’s First Record album “Danny Boy” recorded at WWVA  Jamboree Studios written by  The late Bill Thalman program manager of WOMP Radio in Bellaire, Ohio . This was the First Record Album to bear the JAM label of WWVA Home of the Famous Jamboree USA. This started Dan’s recording career which brought him 22 recordings over 35 years.

Through the years

Dan Wheeler was born in Wheeling, Wv and grew up in a small town called Greggsville. The son of Charles and Arlene Wheeler, Dan was the third of four boys. Dan without any formal training started as a church organist for two local churches, and performing at several local supper clubs every weekend.  Dan started working at a local music store be he was to young to receive wages for working but obtained permission to work a limited amount of hours each week if the store owner would agree to be responsible for him while he worked.

In the gym during his lunch hour at Fulton School Dan went and played on the Old upright piano. Dan’s love for music was very evident at the age of 12  and a longtime friend of His Father Mr. Robert Drummond who was part owner of Wheeling’s oldest Music store named after a Wheeling Man named C.A. House  asked if Dan would like to come in for a few hours each week and work in the large sheet music department of the store. So the journey begins. Dan was to young to be payed but the school board of Ohio County gave special permission to be at the store 8 yours each week. The credits for his time was placed in credit for what is called a rhythm unit, First electric drum type machine, called a rhythm ace. Dan never would have known that he would come face to face with a man and woman who worked for the founder of the company and how this man would touch Dan’s career.

This is a picture of a rhythm ace. The rhythm ace was the first electronic drum machine played rhythm paterns like ballad,waltz,shuffle so forth.Introduced in the early 70's

As Dan continued to be taken by the music business he was asked to come to the county fairs throughout Ohio,WV, and PA to play the organ for the dealership. It was at this time that it became known what Dan’s real gift was as the people at the fairs crowded around the dealerships display for hours watching and listening to Dan’s gift of music. Dan often just dreamed of becoming a National concert artist someday, a dream to which he held on to.  At the age of 13 Dan started recieving 75 cents an hour for working at the dealership. With the help and support of his parents Dan was able to continue his music. His dad and mom would drive him to concert ‘s and performances and his job for he was to young to drive. Learning all he could from tuning pianos to refinishing them. Dan then started playing at the local country club, and other locations in the Valley. He took his first position as organist for a local church at this early age also. In the late 60’s Dan took part in the local 4-H talent program and won first place. He traveled to Morgantown Wv for the State contest which he won First place. Due to his age he was in the junior catagory which only went to a state level. Dan’s love for music grew, and he started a band with brass, and strings at the age of 14. It was at this time that Dan became known for “Painting Musical Pictures” for his arrangments that the band used carried over into His concert days with the Wurlitzer Company.  Dan joined the local musicians union to which he was one of the youngest ever members and his band started performing several times each week taking engagements sometimes a year in advance. Then came the Jr. High school days. Life changed again for Dan as he entered 7th grade. This is where he met Mrs. Morris the music teacher. Mrs Morris saw Dan’s talent and coninued to inspire and work with him. During these years, there was no Band program or string programs at the school, just a vocal and choir program. Each year the school would put on a variety show in the gym one for the school during the day, and two night performances for the public.  Dan soon started working with her in the schools annual variety show. The variety shows was a highlight of Dan’s life, and Mrs Morris was the one teacher that encouraged Dan’s talent. The three years at this Jr. High shcool was the changing difference in Dan’s Life. It was here that also a teacher told Dan in front of the whole class ” You will never mount to anything in Music”. Wow, this hit Dan in the heart.  These words were the very words that sparked Dan to strive and work more toward his love….music.  Though Dan loved all types of music his heart still remained in the church and the gospel and religious music.  By age 16 Dan’s career moved up to the next level of what was to be the ‘desire of his heart’.

National Keyboard Artist Dan Wheeler

By the time Dan reached his teenage years he had recorded several record albums one in 1971 which was one of the very first to be on the Jam label of WWVA, and was asked to travel to Nashville  to play keyboards to back up several gospel albums. In 1973 after finishing his booking’s from earlier years Dan disbanded his Band.   Later on in his career Dan Performed on stage of WWVA “Jamboree USA”.  During this period in his career he was also playing concerts for The Hammond Organ Company within the local region of his home. Also during his teenage years he started to work with ‘class’ organ teaching and developing his STS method of teaching. Dan was teaching 4 classes each week with over 100 students.

Dan at WOMP radio in Bellaire

The first of Dan's 21 recordings Danny Boy  WOMP radio staff organistDan at the organ at WOMP as the program director of the station watches

During the  70’s  Dan  met Duane Allen of the Oak Ridge Boys, through a gospel group called The Young Apostles, and was on stage with them several times when they played gospel music in the 70s’. Duane had a recording studio outside of Nashville in Hendersonville. Mr Ken Harding(Currently Founder and President of New Haven Records) and Bud Billings were involved in several of Dan’s Recordings. During the 70’s Dan travelled to Hendersonville to play keyborads for several other recording projects other than his own.   During  Dan’s High School years he  became the staff organist at WOMP radio in Bellaire, Ohio receiving special permission to adjust his classes to play live on the radio several hours each day. Dan also aired his own 30 min live radio program every Saturday morning.

 Triadelphia Little Reads Mascot In 1970 Dan was invited to audition for the NBC orchestra with “Doc” but at that time Dan decided not to go that way as he was considering going into the Marine Corp band.  ” The Triadelphia Little Reds”  Dan marched in his High School band playing the tuba.  During Dan’s senior year he performed two solos in the middle of a football stadium on the organ  at a half-time along with the entire marching band.  Dan had learned to play the tuba during his lunch breaks starting in 10th grade and his passion for it grew.  Dan soon became part of the marching,concert and pep bands playing the bass lines of his big silver tuba.  Dan was known for his mastery of the Bass pedals on the organ and played them as fast as the keyboards, so the deep sounds of the bass lead him to his love for this instrument. They seemed to complement each other as Dan’s Bass pedal mastery on the organ went to new heights.

Dans love for the tubaAs a senior in high school Dan was kept very busy as he was also involved as the chairman for the Cystic Fibrosis of the Tri-State area, holding down two church organist positions, staff organist of a radio station, along with his band.

Upon graduation Dan was considering going into the Marine Corp Band playing the tuba as it was as great as love for Dan as the organ but took a position as a store manager for a local music company.  During this time Dan played several concerts for the Hammond Organ Company and became involved in Keyboard Class Lessons program for Hammond.  During his years in the music industry Dan has worked with all the leading manufacturers and top dealerships in the nation,  in both management and performance capabilities.  Then the dream came true……………………

Dan has performed on the same program as the Headliners:  The Oak Ridge Boys,  Bobby Vinton, Fabian, Ronnie Dove,(From American Bandstand) Frankie Yankovic, Harmonicats, Henry and Hazel Slaughter, Young Apostles, Bill and Gloria Gaither, Hector Olivera considered to be one of the Worlds greatest organists, and others.